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Uterine Perforation During Abortion

Uterine Perforation During Abortion

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uterine perforation during abortionMedical malpractice attorneys benefit from the skills of a legal nurse consultant to assist in careful case screening. With the help of a legal nurse consultant, the plaintiff attorney is able to select meritorious claims and avoid shaky cases. This New York case involved a questionable theory about an alleged uterine injury.

A twenty-year-old woman underwent a surgical termination of a pregnancy. When she developed pain and other complications, she was hospitalized and needed surgery, which created a large scar on her abdomen. The plaintiff claimed the complications were due to perforation of her uterus. Although a perforation was not discovered, the plaintiff claimed that the injury took place during the abortion and the perforation had spontaneously sealed before it could be detected.

The defense asserted there was no perforation and that spontaneous sealing of a perforation of the uterus could not happen. The defendant obstetrician claimed the plaintiff’s complications were due to a subclinical infection which was activated by surgery. The New York jury returned a defense verdict.

Comments: Perforation of the uterine wall may occur during abortion. The risk is one out of every 250 abortions or .4%. Perforation occurs when the surgical instrument goes through the wall. The perforation may not be recognized at the time, but likely the patient will develop abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and heavy vaginal bleeding.

The uterus is a thick muscle that is designed to expand as the fetus grows and to contract to expel the fetus. Although the wall of the uterus is a bit thinned by pregnancy, a first trimester pregnancy would not result in that much of a change in the uterine wall. It is hard to accept as realistic that a perforation would spontaneously seal itself. The plaintiff had an obstetrician expert witness who presumably supported this theory, however improbable it sounds. A perforation would leave a scar, and none was seen during the plaintiff’s surgery. An evaluation by a legal nurse consultant prior to filing this kind of suit would save time and money.

Case: Amy Gonzalez v. Jay Alan Bassell MD, Michael Molaei MD et al, Queens County (NY) Supreme Court, Index No. 20384/09 as reported in Laska, L. (Ed) Medical Malpractice Verdicts, Settlements and Experts, August 2013, page 13

Med League provides medical expert witnesses to trial lawyers. Please call us at (908)788-8227 or contact us today to discuss your next case.

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